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Pelvic Pain

It is estimated that 8-10% of men and 20% of women will experience pelvic pain at some point in their lives. Depending on the person and the etiology, pelvic pain may be described as constant or intermittent, dull or sharp, or range from mild to severe.


Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate in to your lower back, buttocks, abdomen, or thighs. Additional symptoms may include pain with intercourse, pain while having a bowel movement or while urinating, and/ or pain when you sit for long periods of time.


Persistent pelvic pain may have many musculoskeletal and neuromuscular manifestations, and is often the result of pelvic floor muscle dysfunction.


Common conditions that can be managed with pelvic health physiotherapy include:

  • Coccydynia: Pain in the coccyx or tailbone area

  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain and cramping that occurs before or during menstruation

  • Dyspareunia: Pain with sexual intercourse

  • Endometriosis: Condition resulting from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.

  • Interstitial Cystitis/ Painful Bladder Syndrome: Pain or burning with a full or filling bladder, or while emptying the bladder

  • Persistent Low Back Pain: Pain the back that hasn’t been treated successfully with conventional physiotherapy

  • Persistent Pelvic Pain: Broad term referring to pain in the pelvic and genital region.

  • Piriformis Syndrome: A condition in which the piriformis becomes tight and painful. The piriformis is also located by the sciatic nerve, and can cause pain and numbness down the back of the leg and in to the foot.

  • Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate that can make urination difficult and result in pelvic pain

  • Pudendal Nerve Irritation (Alcock Canal Syndrome): Pain as a result of entrapment or compression of the pudendal nerve, which is located in the pelvic

  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: Pain at the sacroiliac joints

  • Symphysis Pubis: Condition that causes excessive movement at the pubic bone, resulting in pain

  • Vaginismus: Pain that occurs in a woman as a result of vaginal penetration (ex. sexual intercourse, insertion of tampons or menstrual cups, pap tests)

For more information, please visit the following website:

Pelvic Pain Support Network

Pelvic Pain Foundation



102 Lewis Street, Ottawa ON

Tel: 613-230-7891